Prometheus® Sunny Bronze Clay
PROMETHEUS® SUNNY BRONZE CLAY is a claylike material which turns into pure, solid bronze when fired in the kiln. It is a mixture of micron sized bronze powder, water, and organic binder. It can be formed by hand, rolled into a sheet or a rope. It can be molded, textured, even turned on a potter's wheel. PROMETHEUS® SUNNY BRONZE CLAY can be fired with most lab-created gemstones (cubic zirconias), pre-tested natural stones, glass beads, ceramic porcelain and PROMETHEUS® METAL CLAYS.
When PSB® is fired in a kiln, the organic binder evaporates, burns away and you’re left with pure, solid bronze. Brush it, if needed pickle it to remove any firescale and finally polish.
You can create unique jewellery, ornaments, hollow ware, statues and many other decorative objects with PSB®. Anything you create with PSB® is a piece of art. Combine it with your imagination, and let your fingers do the rest!
Working with PROMETHEUS® SUNNY BRONZE CLAY
Working with PSB® is similar to working with PROMETHEUS® METAL CLAYS (Silver, Copper & Bronzes), polymer clays, modelling dough, flower dough and ceramic clays. It is very easy to use.
-At normal consistency, PSB® does not stick to hands or plastic working surfaces. However, oiling your fingers and the working surface lightly is useful, and would not harm your clay. Olive oil is preferable.
-Remove the clay from its plastic bag and place it on a clean plastic surface, Teflex sheet or wax paper. Use your fingers, roller, spatulas, clay shapers, craft knives, tooth picks and other simple tools to shape it, texture it, or turn it on a potter’s wheel. You can texture the clay with rubber stamps, texture mats, leaves, papers, and any other interesting textures.
- When you take the clay out of the package “The Wet Stage” begins. Try not to work at this stage for too long to avoid your clay from drying out, but don’t rush your work; PSB® gives you enough time to play with. However, if you detect any cracks on the surface, apply some water straight away with a brush or spray, and fill the cracks with a little paste* to repair them.
* To make paste, mix a little clay with a little water until it is the consistency of thick yoghurt.
-To join two wet pieces together, simply apply some water to the points that will touch or add a little paste. If the two pieces are dry, wet the touching points well, and apply some paste, to create a secure bond.
-Store any unused clay in a plastic bag with a zipper to prevent it from drying out. Place any offcuts in the bag straight away whilst you’re working, and keep it closed. If you’re not planning to work with the clay for a while, put the sealed plastic bag in a jar with a tight lid. Placing a wet sponge to the bottom of the jar will keep your clay at a good condition, until your next usage. If you are storing it for a long time, keep an eye on the sponge and add water if needed.
-Before firing, you need to dry your piece completely. A hair dryer or putting it on top of a kiln will do it well. Hot-plates or food dehydrators work well too.
- To check if the clay is completely dried, put the hot clay (straight from drying) on a cold mirror. After a few seconds, move it and check that there is no condensation on the mirror. This test is especially important for big and thick pieces. If the piece is not dried completely, then it can crack, break or have bubbles on the surface while firing.
- We don’t recommend fast drying for large and/or massive pieces (statues etc.). For these, it is recommended to leave them in room temperature for some time, and then continue drying at moderate temperatures, in order to avoid any cracks.
-Even though the dried PSB® is stronger than the other metal clays, you still need to take some care while working with it. You can carve designs on the surface*, file it, grind it, drill holes with hand tools or rotary tools and engravers. To join dried pieces, wet the joining points with a brush and apply some paste.
* Draw your design with a pencil, wet the lines with a brush and make your carving with any instrument even a tooth-pick.
After completing your design, it is easy to sand uneven surfaces, using sand papers, and sanding sponges. It is a lot easier to do this step now - before you have fired the clay.
Firing PROMETHEUS® SUNNY BRONZE CLAY
Before firing your works, test your kiln’s accuracy by firing a small piece of clay. Electric kilns may show slight deviations, due to their temperature control systems and isolations. According to your test result, you may change the firing temperature by 5% (up or down) until you reach to the correct sintering.
For firing PSB® you have 3 choices:
This is a 2-step-method.
Step.1 Place the dried piece (or pieces) on a stainless steel mesh and put it in to the cold kiln and let it raise to 500°C/ 932°F or put it on a kitchen stove. Fire it for 15 minutes, take it on to a fire proof surface and let it cool down.
Step.2 Put approximately 3 cm. of activated carbon to the bottom of a steel container. Place the pieces with at least 1.5 cm space between each other and fill the container with activated carbon, close it and put it into the preheated kiln to 820°C/1500°F. Let the kiln raise to the target temperature again and fire it for 60 minutes. When the firing is completed, either leave it to cool down in the kiln or, carefully take it out and leave it on a heat isolated surface until it is cold enough to take your pieces out.
OPEN SHELF FIRING
Place the dried piece (or pieces) on a stainless steel mesh and put it in to the pre-heated kiln to 820°C/1500°F.* Wait for the kiln to raise up to its target temperature again, then start timing your firing for 30 minutes.
When the firing is completed, take out the piece, put it on a heat proof surface and wait for it to cool down or much better, quench it in water while it is hot.** Most of the fire scale will fall of the piece. If any left, leave it in hot pickling solution for some time then rinse with water.
* Most kilns are cooler near the front door, so put them close to the back of the heating chamber.
** Beware of water vapour.
Place the dried piece on a stainless steel mesh. Put the mesh on a fiber brick or a thick construction brick. First start heating the piece very slowly until you see it producing a flame like candle and smoke which means that the binder is burning. Once the flame and smoke disappear, start heating the piece with full power until you achieve orange-red colour and continue firing at least 5-10 minutes carefully observing that the piece keeps this orange-red colour during whole time. Avoid melting. After firing is completed, either leave it to cool down or quench in water. Leave the fired piece in hot Picklean® solution to get rid of any fire scale if any left.
Combining Prometheus® Clays
You can combine different Prometheus® Base Metal Clays in one piece and fire them together. When firing use the 2 Step Carbon Firing Method. To determine the second step firing temperature, refer to the firing instructions of the clay which requires the minimum firing temperature within your combination. Fire at least 2 hours.
The Shrinkage rates are; PCC® is 9-10%, PBC® 12-13%, PSB® 12-13%, PSW® 15-16%, PGY® 13-14%, PLY® 17-19% and PWB® 10-11%.
Finishing PROMETHEUS® SUNNY BRONZE CLAY
Brush your piece with a metal brush and, if necessary, put it in hot pickling solution. * After pickling, rinse the piece thoroughly with water and dry. This will give you a nice warm reddish bronze color. You can also use various patina solutions to obtain different colours.
* We recommend Picklean® granules. Mix one table spoon of Picklean® to a glass of hot water and leave your piece in it for some time.
Polish the piece with a burnisher, polishing papers, a tumbler or a polishing motor. Using polishing compounds can give extra shine to your works.
1. PROMETHEUS® SUNNY BRONZE CLAY contains organic binder, water and bronze powder. It is non-toxic and does not contain any harmful chemicals. There have been no reports of allergic reactions; however, people with allergies should of course be cautious and use the product with care.
2. While firing, individuals with lung or respiratory problems may be affected by the smoke created. Fire in a well-ventilated place or under a kitchen extractor fan. Firing large pieces, like sculptures, is best done in a furnace with a smoke extractor.
3. Wear gloves and safety glasses, use tongs, paddles when loading and unloading a kiln.
4. Put your hot pieces and tools on heat proof surfaces.
The information in this Instruction Guide is maintained as results of careful tests. However, no warranty is expressed or implied regarding the accuracy of the data. Since the use of this product is not within the control of Odak Arts, Hobby and Crafts Ltd., it is the user’s obligation to determine the suitability of the product for its intended application, techniques and procedures. The consumer takes responsibility for all risks and liability for its safe use.